Hebrew Word Study – Jerusalem – Part I

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Primary Conventional Usage

Modern Jerusalem is a city and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; it was divided between Israel and Jordan in 1948; Jordanian sector was annexed by Israel after the1967 war.

Jerusalem has been the capital of Israel since 1950.


First use in Scriptures


Now it came to pass, when Adonizedec king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; Joshua 10:1




The first time Jerusalem is mentioned in Joshua 10:1 it is ruled by a pagan king named Adonizedec.  He is not just an ordinary pagan king, he is just one of 22 giants mentioned in the Scriptures.

By the time you get to the 43rd verse of Joshua Chapter 10, Jerusalem is no longer ruled by the wicked king Adonizedec. 

What happens in between in one of the most exciting and miraculous accounts in all of the Scripture.   There is no question that Joshua 10:1-43 has prophetic implications that are harbingers of the last days, the final days before the coming of the Messiah to set up His Millennial Kingdom. 

Listen to some of the strange and supernatural events that took place as recorded in the book of Joshua.  Some of the elements of the account in Joshua 10 include the sun and moon standing still, the kings of the earth hiding in caves, the destruction of the corrupted pagans by hailstones, and the siege of Jerusalem. 

Do these events sound strangely familiar?

If you read the book of Revelation you will find many parallel accounts that God promises to unfold in the terminal generation that occupies the earth just prior to the second coming of the Messiah. 

And before you start feeling too sorry for all the wicked inhabitants of Jerusalem that were destroyed by Joshua, keep in mind that these kingdoms that came against Israel were corrupted.  Not just morally corrupt but they actually had their DNA corrupted and were themselves hybridized part human part Nephilim.  They had become unrecognizable to the Creator as they were a creature He had not created. 

Keep in mind that Pattern is Prophecy

Jesus told us that the last days would be like the days of Noah.  In other words, mankind would have again corrupted himself or been corrupted by fallen angels and demons. 

I would encourage you to read it for yourself and connect the dots to the headlines that are now unfolding regarding present day Jerusalem.

We can read the headlines in any paper in any capital of the world and find the fulfillment of end time’s prophecy.  Prophecies that are unique to the last 70 years of this present age.  Prophecies that center around Israel and Jerusalem, in other words, prophecies that could only be fulfilled until the children of Israel miraculously returned to the land of Israel and again occupied Jerusalem. 

Prophecies that could not have been fulfilled between 70 AD and 1948.  Prophecies that could only be unfolded once Israel was re-established in one day as a nation just like foretold in Isaiah 66:8,

Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.

This prophecy was further fulfilled when Israel gained possession of their most precious earthly inheritance.  Jerusalem!

And what is in store for Jerusalem now that God has brought His people back to the land?

The prophecy you can read in any paper in any capital of the world.  A headline published by God and reported by His prophet Zechariah in 580 BC nearly 2500 years ago.

 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.
 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.  Zechariah 12:2-3


Twin Pictorial Translation of Jerusalem

The battle for Jerusalem, one of the oldest and the most contested piece of real estate in the history of the world, did NOT begin with the first Crusade sanctioned by Pope Urban 11 in 1095 A.D. 

The battle for Jerusalem is ancient and very significant as you are about to discover.

Genesis 14:18 makes the first mention of a city called Salem.  Most Jewish commentators believe this refers to Jerusalem, ruled by King Melchizedek.  The name Melchizedek is mentioned in both the Old and the New Testament and is believed to be a “shadow type” of the Messiah.  His name is reported to mean “My King is Righteous.

According to the Midrash (Jewish Tradition), Jerusalem was founded by Shem and Eber, the forefathers of Abraham.  This would put the founding of Jerusalem immediately after the worldwide flood of Noah, somewhere around 2700 B.C.

According to the Bible, the Israelites' history connected with Jerusalem began in 1000 B.C. when King David occupied Jerusalem.  Biblical evidence for temporarily destroying the city of Jerusalem is recorded much earlier as Joshua is reported to have conquered the city and killed its king shortly after entering the Promised Land.   But Joshua did not occupy Jerusalem and it remained under the control of the Jebusites until the 7th year or the reign of King David, who captured and inhabited the city for the last 33 years of his reign.

And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.  1 Kings 2:11

While there is disagreement about which city is the “oldest city” in the world based on “continuous habitation”, there is no question that Jerusalem is the most contested. 

During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.

The Bible first mentions Jerusalem in the 10th chapter of Joshua.  This account holds the secret for understanding the hidden meaning and prophetic significance of Jerusalem as we will discover in the Pictorial and Numeric meaning that is the foundation for the Hebrew word Jerusalem.

You cannot begin to fathom the enormous significance of Jerusalem until you understand one over-arching reality.  It is the stunning reality that Abraham first glimpsed.  It was a vision that seeded and watered his faith.  It was a vision that made God smile on Abraham and bless him above all men.  And what was that vision that bolstered his faith and made God smile with pleasure?

Abraham was a pilgrim in this world and had his eyes not on any earthly city but on a city whose maker and builder was God.

By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God. Hebrews 11:8-10

These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned. But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city. Hebrews 11:13-16

And what was the name of the city that Abraham was envisioning by faith?  

What is the name of the city that God has prepared for those that were strangers and pilgrims on the earth?  What was the blessed vision of those that received the promises of God by faith?

The answer is found in the last book of the Scriptures.

Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: Revelation 3:12


And I John saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. Revelation 21:2


And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God:
And what is the future for Jerusalem prior to the New Jerusalem descending upon the earth from heaven. Revelation 21:10

The Scriptures foretell the glorious end of the earthly city called Jerusalem.  Jerusalem will be established in peace and righteousness for 1000 years.  And what will Jerusalem be called in this millennial period where Jerusalem is the capital of the entire world?

The answer is found in Jeremiah 3:17 

At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the Lord, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.

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  1. DOLLY HEWETT says:


  2. Sandi Snead says:

    That was awesomely informative. Really appreciate your work.

  3. Jennifer Helt says:

    His throne is grace. <3

  4. Tami LIghtfoo says:

    Thank you for posting these informative lessons on God’s word. Blessings to you all!

  5. Deborah says:

    Thank You for your study and time of research. To reach and teach others of the truth be known.
    I love the speaker’s voice, it has compassion and Shalom. The Lord has blessed you to share and may He continue.

  6. Brenda Bone says:

    Awesome. .can’t wait for the rest. ..thank you

  7. BobbieCrider says:

    What a terrific article to read on Christmas morning. Thank you, thank you,thank you!

  8. Relda White-Weagant says:

    Wow, loved it. Will be listening again with my husband. Thank you for blessing me with the word.

  9. Rick little says:

    Really enjoyed the lesson hope to get more

  10. No comment this moment but interesting so far. says:

    Enjoyed it so far.

  11. Judith V. says:

    Wow so informative and exciting news. I so enjoy the lessons can’t wait to read part II. I have learned so much and have a new perspective went I read God’s word. Love all the living Word in 3D books they are amazing may God continue to bless all you do to help us see the true hidden words in plain sight for all to see if we are willing to see. Thank you again for your hard work and research to help us understand better God’s precious word and bringing it to life for us. God bless, Merry Christmas.

  12. I’m so BLESSED to have learned of your ministry here at the living word. I’m learning the Hebrew language the holy tongue and I’m teaching my 11 yr. Old son as well to prepare him for his bar-mitzvah. You teachings are a great resource to understand the pictographs the letters within themselves as well as the numbers. Please keep on doing this great work as it’s a blessing to all of us whom want to keep learning. Shalom!

  13. Desiree Hoyt says:

    This really blessed me I will continue subscribing to Hebrew word studies

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